Posts Tagged Bread
The #TwelveLoaves theme for January is all about a clean slate and keeping things simple. The perfect theme for January. I’ve tried a couple of loaves for this months challenge and had a little trouble, the trouble was I was trying different whole grain flours. I think I was trying too hard, often something I suffer from! So out of the blue I bought some white bread flour, much to my husbands disappointment our house went wholemeal years ago!
I had much better success with this loaf! For the first time I made a soft, fluffy loaf of bread! It’s a perfectly simple loaf, and very well-behaved, rising as it should do even on a cold day. I often have raising issues when making bread, my house never seems to be warm enough. Needless to say my husband loved this simple white loaf, thus confirming his opinion that there is no bread better than white! I will be trying this recipe with wholemeal flour though, I’m determined to find a good loaf made with a whole grain flour!
Simple White Bread (inspired by Gennaro Contaldo’s recipe for basic bread dough in his book Passione)
- 500 grams strong white flour
- 1 tsp quick/easy bake yeast
- 1/2 tsp salt
- 300 mls water
- A little corn meal for spreading on the baking tray
- Put the flour, yeast and salt into a large bowl. Mix until it all comes together to form a dough the knead for about minutes. I use my stand mixer for this job.
- After the five minutes knead, form the dough into a ball put back into the large bowl and cover with cling film. Leave somewhere warm to rise for 1 hour.
- When its risen to double its original size knock the air out of the dough, form into the desired shape, (I just made a flattish ball) and place onto baking sheet that’s been lightly sprinkled with cornmeal.
- Cover with a clean tea towel and leave to rise for a further hour.
- Bake on the bottom shelf of an oven preheated to 240 C, 475 F, Gas 9 for 25- 30 minutes. Its ready when you tap the bottom of the loaf and it sounds hollow.
- Cool on a baking rack.
To see what others have baked in the monthly #Twelveloaves challenge see Lora’s blog Cake Duchess
The theme for this months #Twelveloaves is grains and seeds. Easy (ish) I thought, the possibilities were endless but those of you who know me will know that I bake cakes and not a lot of bread! Its taken most of October for inspiration to come to me! I had a bag of wholegrain spelt flour in the cupboard, so that took care of the grain part. I’ve had success replacing wheat with spelt in quite a lot of my recipes, I’m beginning to see that wheat is overrated and also not that healthy (see this article for more information on that) so I’ve been looking for alternative grains to use. Spelt is apparently a little easier to digest and remains true to its origins, its missed out on a lot of the science that is sadly behind the wheat of today. Spelt flour easily replaces wheat flour, I just swap spelt for wheat flour and it works fine, no taste difference and things still rise if they need to. I’m not sure if you could replace the flour in a bread recipe for spelt like I have with cakes as so many bread recipes call for strong flour. So feeling a bit lost with my bag of spelt flour I turned to the Dovesfarm website for inspiration where I found this recipe. Their recipe uses half spelt and half whole wheat bread flour, I stuck with that but may try just spelt flour next time. I didn’t think my loaf tin would be large enough for their recipe so I halved it, I also swapped the vegetable oil for olive oil as that is what I had. As it is almost Halloween pumpkin seeds seemed fitting and for an added health boost I added linseeds, also called flax seeds.
Well that was the most novel way of toasting pumpkin seeds that I have tried! How do you get seeds to stay on top of a loaf? Mine looked great before it went in the oven, indeed when I took it out it looked good but the little tapping sound of the seeds hitting the floor as I carried the loaf from the oven to the counter was the first indication that the seeds had not stuck on. When it came to tipping the loaf out of the tin the rest of the seeds fell off! Despite the seeds missing from the top I was still happy with my loaf, it tasted good! It was quite a hearty loaf, perfect for this time of year! Thanks once again to #Twelveloaves I made bread!
Wholegrain Spelt Loaf with Pumpkin Seeds and Linseeds (recipe adapted from this one)
- 250 gram wholegrain spelt flour
- 250 gram whole wheat bread flour
- 1 tsp quick yeast
- 1tsp sugar
- 1/2 tsp salt
- 200 ml hand warm tap water
- 1 tbsp olive oil
- 50 grams pumpkin seeds
- 25 grams linseeds
- In a large bowl mix together the flours, yeast sugar and salt.
- Mix in the water when it’s just about incorporated add the olive oil.
- knead until the dough is smooth, around 5 minutes. I used my mixer for this.
- Add the seeds to the dough, I found it easiest to scrunch then in with my hands.
- Put the dough into the bowl, cover bowl with cling film and leave to rest until it has double in size, around 1 to 1 1/2 hours.
- When the dough has risen tip it onto a floured work surface and knead for a few minutes.
- Shape the dough into a fat sausage shape and place into a lightly oiled loaf tin.
- Preheat oven to 220 C, 425 f, Gas 7.
- Leave dough to rise in the tin for 30 minutes.
- Bake for 30 to 40 minutes.
- Remove from the tin to cool on a rack before serving.
Making bread, it seems such a satisfying thing to do but something about the yeast and the kneading has always made it seem a little unappealing to me, not to mention time-consuming, so bread making is always something on my mental “to do” list.
Well I was lucky enough to get a copy of 5 Minute Bread, by Jeff Hertzberg and Zoë Francois, to try. This book is a UK kitchen friendly version of the bestselling Artisan Bread (in 5 minutes) from the US .
The book is nicely presented and easy to read, in fact on reading it seems a little too easy! No kneading is required, I repeat, no kneading! No machines are required! This was sounding good! The 5 minutes is the preparation and does not include the baking which obviously will take more than 5 minutes! (just in case you were wondering!) You make enough dough in one go for up to 4 loaves and this dough can be stored in the fridge for up to 2 weeks you just pull off a chunk of it and bake! The title 5 minute bread seemed a little ambitious for me but I was up for the challenge.
I would recommend reading the 1st few pages of the book to become familiar with the 5 minute method and to make sure you have all you need. All you really need is a large container with a lid (not tight-fitting ) and the book says to use a pizza peel to transfer the bread onto the baking stone but I don’t have one so I used a flat cookie sheet.
I will save you a little time, I looked all over for “unbleached” flour and could not find it in any of the major supermarkets (I went to them all!). After some investigating it seems that it is not a legal process to bleach flour in the UK so all flour here is sold unbleached.
I made the first recipe in the book, called “The Master Recipe”.
The Master Recipe
Boule (Artisan Free-form loaf)
Makes 4 450g/1lb loaves. The recipe is easily doubled or halved.
- 750 ml/1 1/4 pints lukewarm water
- 1 1/2 tbsp granulated yeast
- 1 1/2 tbsp coarse grain salt
- 900g/ 2lb unsifted, unbleached plain white flour
- Polenta or parchment paper for pizza peel
1. Warm the water slightly: It should feel just a little warmer than body temperature, about 38°C. Warm water will rise the dough to the right point for storage in about 2 hours. You can use cold tap water and get an identical final result; then the first rising will take 3 or even 4 hours. That won’t be too great a difference, as you will only be doing this once per stored batch.
2. Add yeast and salt to the water in a 5 litre/ 8 3/4pint bowl or, preferably, in a resealable, lidded (not airtight) plastic food container or bucket. Don’t worry about getting it all to dissolve.
3. Mix in the flour—kneading is unnecessary. Add all of the flour at once, mix with a wooden spoon, a high-capacity food processor (3.5 litres/6 pints or larger) fitted with the dough attachment, or a heavy-duty stand mixer fitted with the dough hook until the mixture is uniform.If you’re hand-mixing and it becomes too difficult to incorporate all the flour with the spoon, you can reach into your mixing vessel with very wet hands and press the mixture together. Don’t knead. It isn’t necessary. You’re finished when everything is uniformly moist, without dry patches. This step is done in a matter of minutes, and will yield a dough that is wet and loose enough to conform to the shape of its container.
4. Allow to rise Cover with a lid (not airtight) that fits well to the container you’re using. Allow the mixture to rise at room temperature until it begins to collapse (or at least flattens on the top), approximately 2 hours, depending on the room’s temperature and the initial water temperature. Longer rising times, up to about 5 hours, will not harm the result. You can use a portion of the dough any time after this period. Fully refrigerated wet dough is less sticky and is easier to work with than dough at room temperature. So, the first time you try our method, it’s best to refrigerate the dough overnight (or at least 3 hours), before shaping a loaf.
Relax! You do not need to monitor doubling or tripling of volume as traditional recipes.
On Baking Day
5. The gluten cloak: don’t knead, just “cloak” and shape a loaf in 30 to 60 seconds. First, prepare a pizza peel (I used a flat cookie sheet) by sprinkling it liberally with cornmeal (or whatever your recipe calls for) to prevent your loaf from sticking to it when you slide it into the oven.
Sprinkle the surface of your refrigerated dough with flour. Pull up and cut off a 1-pound (grapefruit-size) piece of dough, using a serrated knife. Hold the mass of dough in your hands and add a little more flour as needed so it won’t stick to your hands. Gently stretch the surface of the dough around to the bottom on all four sides, rotating the ball a quarter-turn as you go. Most of the dusting flour will fall off; it’s not intended to be incorporated into the dough. The bottom of the loaf may appear to be a collection of bunched ends, but it will flatten out and adhere during resting and baking. The correctly shaped final product will be smooth and cohesive. The entire process should take no more than 20 to 40 seconds.
6. Rest the loaf and let it rise on a pizza peel Place the shaped ball on the polenta covered pizza peel (or cookie sheet) Allow the loaf to rest for about 40 minutes (it doesn’t need to be covered during the rest period). Depending on the age of the dough, you may not see much rise during this period; more rising will occur during baking (“oven spring”).
7. Thirty minutes before baking, preheat the oven to 230°C/gas mark 8 with a baking stone placed on the middle rack, (I used my pizza stone) Place an empty grill tray for holding water on any other shelf that won’t interfere with the rising bread.
8. Dust and slash; dust the top of the loaf liberally with flour, which will allow the slashing knife to pass without sticking.Slash a 1/4-inch-deep cross, scallop or criss cross pattern into the top, using a serrated bread knife.
9. Baking with steam: After a 30-minute preheat, you’re ready to bake. With a quick forward jerking motion of the wrist, slide the loaf off the pizza peel and onto the preheated baking stone. Quickly but carefully pour about 250 ml/8fl oz of hot water from the tap into the grill tray and close the oven door to trap the steam. Bake for about 30 minutes, or until the crust is nicely browned and firm; there is little risk of drying out the interior, despite the dark crust. When you remove the loaf from the oven, it will audibly crackle, or “sing,” when initially exposed to room temperature air. Allow to cool completely, preferably on a wire cooling rack, for best flavor, texture, and slicing. The perfect crust may initially soften, but will firm up again when cooled.
10. Store the remaining dough in the refrigerator in your lidded (not airtight) container and use it over the next 14 days You’ll find that even one day’s storage improves the flavor and texture of your bread. This maturation continues over the 14-day storage period. Refrigerate unused dough in a lidded storage container (again, not airtight just crack the lid a little, or punch a small hole in the plastic lid). If you mixed your dough in this container, you’ve avoided some cleanup. Cut off and shape more loaves as you need them. We often have several types of dough storing in the refrigerator at once. The dough can also be frozen in 450 g/1 pound portions in an airtight container and defrosted overnight in the refrigerator prior to baking day.
So did I do it? well…
I made bread! This was my first loaf of the batch and admittedly took me longer than 5 minutes to prepare the bread. The mixing of the dough was bliss, literally just mixed it up with a wooden spoon, so easy! The “gluten cloak” I was a little clumsy with, it did take me longer than a minute as it all kept sticking to my hands but eventually I had a little ball that I was happy with. I struggled with the “dust and slash” as my knife got caught in the dough! Also I could not perfect the “quick forward jerking motion of the wrist” required to slide the loaf onto the baking stone in the oven! My loaf would not come off the cookie sheet so I half shook and half dragged it off! However despite my less than perfect technique I ended up with a loaf of bread that actually tasted great!
This was my second loaf! I probably was a little more comfortable this time although still struggled to get the loaf into the oven and again the knife got stuck in the dough when slashing.
My 3rd loaf of the batch was the best! I was faster and as it had been in the fridge for 2 weeks it was more sour dough tasting which was a real bonus!
So I baked bread – miracles! My husband and I loved this bread. Really it tasted as if Id paid way too much at the local farmers market for it! It may not have been as pretty as if Id got it from the market but it tasted great, was way cheaper and I know exactly what ingredients went into it. I only made 3 loaves from my mixture but that was fine for me. Next time I make the bread I will try to use parchment rather than polenta to get the loaf into the oven. It took me longer than 5 minutes to make, I guess that time will decrease as I become more experienced. What “5 Minute Bread” did give me was confidence. Confidence to try something that Id previously thought too much effort. I will be using this book a lot in the future, as well as perfecting my 5 minute technique I want to try the light wholemeal bread, the olive bread and the bagels! I highly recommend this book!